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Wyoming History

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Lincoln Highway

Part four of seven parts

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

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Fort Bridger State Historic Site


The Black and Orange Cabins

The Black and Orange Cabins as they are called reflect the need to accommodate travelers along the Lincoln Highway. Motel owners could profit handsomely from having building an easily accessible motel along the highway. The Black and Orange hotel set directly along the highway. A look at how the property was sold purchased and evolved from a military post to a motel is illuminating.

The property where the Black and Orange Motel sets was originally part of the historic military fort at Fort Bridger, fell under the ownership of the Carter family following the abandonment of the military. In 1909 the property was sold by William A. Carter’s son, William and his wife Katherine to Margaret J. Rocheford. 

The Warranty deed provides details as to the nature of the property. It reads as follows:

This Deed made this 27th day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and nine between William A. Carter and Katherine C. Carter his wife of the County of Uinta and State of Wyoming party of the second part.

Witnesseth, That the said parties of the first part, for and in consideration of the sum of one dollar and other valuable considerations to them in hand paid by the said party of the second part; and also for the further consideration of the agreement between the parties hereto for themselves their heirs, successors and legal representatives, that intoxicating liquors shall never be manufactured, sold or otherwise disposed of as a beverage in any place of public resort, in or upon the premises here by granted or any part thereof; and it is herein and hereby expressly reserved by the said parties of the first part that in case any of the above conditions concerning intoxicating liquers are broken by said party of the second part her assigns or legal representatives, then this deed shall become null and void, and all right title and interest of in and to the premises hereby conveyed shall revert to the parties of the first part, their heirs, successors and assigns; and the said party of the second part by accepting this deed for her heirs, executors administrators and assigns, consents and agrees to the reservations and conditions aforesaid, and also in further consideration that the said party of the second part shall never present or persecute any claims for damages done by any irrigating canal which passes through the land described in this conveyance, against the said parties of the first part have granted, bargained sold and conveyed and by these presents grant bargain sell and convey unto the said party of the second part and unto her heirs and assigns forever, all of those (these?) piece or parcel of land situate, lying and being in the County of Uinta and State of Wyoming and more particularly known and described as follows to wit:
Beginning at the North East corner of Block Fifteen (15) in Carter’s Addition to the Town of Fort Bridger in the County of Uinta and State of Wyoming and running thence South Three hundred and forty seven feet (347) thence West one hundred and twenty three feet (123) thence North Three hundred and forty seven feet (347), thence East One hundred and twenty three feet (123) to the place of beginning. Together with all improvements consisting of house, shed stables and out buildings as the same is laid and described on the original plat now on file and of record in the office of the County Clerk and Ex-Officio Register of Deeds in and for said County together with all water rights thereto belonging or in anywise appertaining. And the said parties of the first part hereby expressly waive and release any and all right, benefit privilege advantage and exceptions, under and by virtue of any and all statutes of the State of Wyoming, providing for the exemption of homesteads from sale or execution or otherwise.
To Have And To Hold the said above described premises unto the said party of the second part her heirs and assigns forever, together with the privileges hered it aments and appurtenances thereunto in anywise appertaining or belonging, subject nevertheless, to the conditions and reservations herein above named and set forth.
And the said parties of the first part for themselves, their heirs, executors and administrators do covenant and agree to and with the said party of the second part heirs her and assigns, that at the in-sealing and delivery of these presents they are well served in the said premises in and of a good and indefeasible estate in fee simple and that they are free from all in cumbrances whatsoever, except our certain mortgage given by Timothy and Margaret Rocheford to John Geurley, Sr., dated August 25th 1907 for Four Hundred ($400) Dollars, and that they have good and lawful right to sell and convey the same, and the said parties of the first part will, and their heirs, executer and administrators shall warrant and defend the same against all lawful claims and demands whatsoever, except the mortgager as hereinbefore named.

And the said parties of the first part for themselves their heirs, executors and administrators covenant and agree to and with the said party of the second part her heirs and assigns that she the said party of the second part shall and my lawfully at all times hereafter peaceably and quietly, have occupy and possess and enjoy the said premises hereby granted or intended so to be with the appurtenances, without the lawful hindrances or molestation of the parties of the first part their heirs or assigns or of any other person or persons whatsoever, by or with his or their consent privity or procurement.

And the said Katharine C. Carter, wife of the said William A. Carter upon the consideration aforesaid does hereby release and forever quit-claim unto said party of the second part, her heirs and assigns, all her rights of dower and homestead in and to the above granted premises.
In Witness Whereof, The said parties of the first part have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first above written
Signed, sealed and delivered William A Carter (seal)
In presence of Katharine C. Carter (seal)
Maurice Groshon
The State of Wyoming
County of Uinta

I Maurice Groshon, a Notary Public in and for said County, in the state aforesaid, do hereby certify that said William A. Carter and Katharine C. Carter his wife personally known to me as the persons whose names are subscribed to the annexed and, appeared before me this day in person, and acknowledged that they signed sealed and delivered said instrument of writing as their free and voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth, and expressly waived and released all right title or benefit of exemption under any and all Homestead Exemption laws, so called, of said State of Wyoming.

And I further certify that Katharine C. Carter wife of the said William A. Carter was by me first examined separate and apart from her said husband in reference to the signing and acknowledging such deed, the nature and effect of said deed being explained to her by me, and that she being by be full apprised of her right and of the effect of signing and acknowledging such deed did sign the same while so separate and apart from her said husband, and did then acknowledge that she freely and voluntarily signed and acknowledged the same for the uses and purposes therein set forth, and expressly waived and released all her rights and advantages under and by virtue of all laws of said State of Wyoming relating to the exemption of homesteads.
Given under my hand and Notarial seal,
This twenty-eighth day of April 1907
Maurice Groshon
Notary Public (Warranty Deed 1907)
During the time that Mrs. Rocheford owned the property, the building that had been the Commanding Officer’s Quarters for the military fort that had been moved on to the property, was used as the family residence and a hotel. Sometime after Mrs. Rocheford purchased the property the Lincoln Highway came almost to her doorstep and then made a “90º turn north.” The Motel and related out-buildings were built circa 1920 to provide services for the public traveling by motor vehicles across the country States via the Lincoln Highway.
Carl Krusmark purchased the property from Mrs. Rocheford. During the time that the Krusmarks owned the property, the hotel/Commanding Officer’s Quarters building was disassembled and stored—to be rebuilt at a later time back on the fort site where it had originally been. The State of Wyoming leased the property from the Krusmarks from July 1, 1994 until October 31st 1996. November 1st 1996 the property was purchased by the Fort Bridger Historical Association from the Krusmarks for $40,000 (plus closing costs) and donated to the State of Wyoming.
In the fall of 2003, Linda Byers (2007) contacted Inez Rochford Hysell, in order to find out more about the motel and related buildings. It was Inez’s mother who had purchase the property and had run the hotel and the motel. Inez had been born in the hotel/Commanding Officer’s Quarters building. Mrs. Hysell allowed Linda to copy several historical black and white photos of the motel and hotel out of her family album. Mrs. Hysell also donated the visitor register from the hotel and motel to the State of Wyoming. The first recorded date in the register is April 14, 1926 last recorded visit in the register was September 7, 1936. It is interesting to note that by 1936 the visitors recording their names in the book had dropped significantly during the busy summer months from an average of 58 per month in 1926 to 37 per month in 1933. Some pages are missing after 1933, so an average could not be obtained.
In the Spring of 2007, Martha Powers, Vice President of the Fort Bridger Historical Association, contacted Nellie Byrne, niece of Inez Rochford Hysell. The transcript of this interview is contained in Appendix A.

 
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If you have any questions please feel free to contact Dudley Gardner.

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