Wyoming History 

Test 1

Archaeological excavation                                

The Following Multiple Choice questions are worth 25 points or 1 point each.  Please send these answers back in your email to dgardner@wwcc.wy.edu  in the following format:  1.A 2.B 3.C 4.A 5. B 6.D, etc.

1. Approximately, when did Spaniards first record seeing the Uinta Mountains?

A.1776         B.1737     C. 1743        D. 1787

2. When did Jim Bridger construct his third, or present, fort on the banks of the Black's Fork River?

A. 1824 B. 1837 C. 1843 D. 1857

3. The Louisiana purchase was made in _______________.

A. 1803 B. 1804 C. 1805 D. 1806

4. The Cherokee Trail was pioneered in ____________________.

A. 1849 and 1850      C. 1851 and 1852

B. 1847 and 1848      D. 1853 and 1854

5. The California Gold Rush began in earnest in ____________________.

A. 1847 B. 1849 C. 1851 D. 1840

6. With the exception of________, the following Indian tribes at one time either claimed portions of present Wyoming as their territory or lived within the present state boundaries.

A. Crow   B. Shoshoni   C. Ute    D. Arapaho  E. Sioux  F. Pimas

7. __________was possibly the first European to visit present Wyoming. At least this traveler left a record of his journey in search of the Pacific Ocean, and thus gains the honor of being the first explorer to write about present Wyoming.

A. La Salle      B. La Venendryes     C. Coronado      D. De Soto        E. La Ramie

8. As a result of the________, most of present Wyoming became part of the United States for the first time.

A. Adams Onis Treaty                     C. Louisiana Purchase

B. Adams Onis Treaty                     D. Mexican American War

9. ______, was the first American to travel through present Wyoming and is often given credit for being the first non-Indian to see the Yellowstone Park area.

A. Ferdinand Hayden                             C. Jim Bridger

B. Joe Meek                                           D. John Colter

10. The Astorians, under the leadership of Robert Stuart, crossed over in 1812 and found a means of crossing the Rocky Mountains without traveling over difficult mountain passes. They discovered their route by following a "well-worn Indian Trail."

A. Bridger Pass                                     C. Loveland Pass

B. South Pass                                        D. Hoback Pass

11. Overland travelers going west to California, Oregon, or Utah faced numerous hazards. Among the hazards, the most deadly was/were

A. an Indian attack                                      C. diseases

B. accidental shooting                                  D. starvation

12. There were two types of trading and trapping systems evident in the upper plains and rocky mountain states prior to 1850. Which of the following is not one of these systems?

A. Rocky Mountain System                 C. North Platte System

B. Upper Missouri System

13. Fort Union, built in 1832, was at the confluence of which two rivers? (Pick 2)

A. Yellowstone                                    C. Laramie

B. Missouri                                           D. Red River of the North

14. Which band of Shoshoni lived around present Fort Bridger?

A. The Yampa                                     C. The Sioux

B. The Dove Eaters                             D. The Gros Ventres

15. Traders and trappers often:

A. simply followed the patterns of trading established by Native Americans.

B. lived only near the Mountains.

C. returned to St. Louis twice a year.

D. never left once they arrived in the Rocky Mountains.

16. Agents for the Hudson Bay Company:

A. never made it as far south as Wyoming.

B. allied with the Blackfoot Indians as trade partners.

C. never competed with American for companies.

D. lived only in Canada.

17. The Gros Ventres are:

A. Arapaho D. Shoshoni

B. Sioux     E. none of the above

C. Crow

18. Trappers were important as:

A. pioneers of new trails.                     C. traders.

B. explorers.                                        D. all of the above.

19. Shoshone Indians were very adept at:

A. negotiating.          B. trading        C. horsemanship.    D. all of these.

20. What were among the most valuable items Shoshoni could trade westward bound pioneers?

A. horses                             C. moccasins

B. food                                D. all of the above

21. Currently the Shoshoni Indian Reservation is located along which river in Wyoming?

A. the Platte      B. the Green        C. the Wind River        D. the Snake

22. The Shoshoni lands become valuable to the United States when________________.

A. the land was need for the railroad

B. gold was discovered at Burns

C. coal was discovered in Albany County

D. the Chinese began to immigrate in high numbers into the area

For the following do not depend on your memory–please check the Cherokee web site.

23.  In 1849 and 1850, the Cherokees crossed over the mountains of Wyoming through either Twin Groves or __________ Pass.

A. Bridger                     C. Rollins (Rawlins)

B. South                        D. Muddy

24. When did the Cherokee emigrants that gave the Cherokee Trail its name travel through southern Wyoming?

A. 1847-1848        B. 1848-1849         C.1849-1850   D. 1847 and 1850

25.   The Cherokee traveled over Bridger Pass when they pioneered the Cherokee Trail.

A. True

B. False


Pick three of the following and answer in well thought essays from 3 to 5 paragraphs in length. The following are worth 25 points each for a total 75 points.

1. Briefly explain the Shoshoni Nation's contribution to the history of Wyoming.

2. What role did trapping play in developing Wyoming?

3. What is the importance of westward migration in the history of Wyoming? Explain the importance of the Cherokee migration through southern Wyoming or describe the nature of westward migration in 1849 and later.

4. What in Wyoming's early history makes its past different from other states in the West? Explain this in a well-thought out essay.

Extra Credit:

Please read the Wyoming Constitution. What does it say about Native Americans? The link to the Constitution is http://soswy.state.wy.us/informat/const.htm